In reality, the Nile or rather the Niles have several sources.
In 1615, the Portuguese Pedro Poez had discovered in the highlands of Abyssinia the lake where the Blue Nile has its source.
In 1820, Mohamed Ali Pasha organized an Egyptian expedition up the Nile to Fasaki.
At the head of this expedition was a Frenchman. FREDERIC Caillaud.
In 1827, another Frenchman Adolphe Linant de Bellefonds went up the river to the south of Khartoum, 200 south of Khartoum.
In 1842, another time, Mohamed Ali Pasha organized an Egyptian expedition, at the head of this expedition was a German Ferdinand Werne, he was able to reach the great African lakes, such as Lake Tanganyika. Was not yet discovered.
In 1858, by two English officers Burton and Speke who discovered Lake Victoria.
In 1860 Speke discovered the Kagera River which flows into Lake Victoria and the Kagera River is considered to be one of the sources of the White Nile.
In 1876, Stanley discovered Lake Edward, which is one of the lakes feeding the Nile basin.
We thus had five rapids to cross, and we crossed them successfully, with no other damage than a few insignificant scratches on our hull.
Beyond the cattract, o. Enters Nubia.
The ancient Egyptians either at the time of the Middle Kingdom or the time of the New Kingdom, they carried their territories until the 4th cattract and according to Herodotus who said that the river god had its source at the first cattract.
The ancient Egyptians have always thought that the source of the Nile is near Aswan at the 1st cattract where there is the cave of Hapy, the god Nile released there the waters of floods in the valley.
For the ancient Egyptians the flood is the coming of Hapy. But for some theologian. It would be caused by flows coming from the cosmic corpse of Osiris.
On a small island called Biggeh, now flooded, is one of the most sacred sanctuaries of Osiris, the god who died there in his eternal sleep. In the sacred grove, a particular tree shaded his grave. In the small Osirian sanctuary was also arranged the basin in communication with the Nile, in which Léau rose, thus announcing the flood and recalling the resurrection of the god, to which was linked the fertility of Egypt.
Today. The Nile is considered the longest river in the world, 6671 kilometers. The Nile crosses the deserts of Nubia and Upper Egypt through a series of cataracts. The 1st next to Khartoum in Sudan and the 6th is in Aswan. Its width is almost 800 meters wide and its depth is between 2 meters up to 8 meters deep.
The maximum flood level is in September. The silty waters are then captured and redistributed thanks to the dams of Zifta, Assiout, Nag Hamadi, d, Esna and especially thanks to the waters of the dams of Aswan